五年级【英语】如何提高小学英语阅读理解能力

 时间:2020-08-14  贡献者:wenkusou.com

导读:2016春 小学英语同步阅读 五年级英语5年级 下册(小学英语阅读与理解,部编五年级【英语】如何提高小学英语阅读理解能力 选择适合小学生阅读的材料,激发阅读兴趣。指导阅读方法,养成良好的阅读习惯, 提高 学生的阅读能力,为终身学习打基础。

2016春 小学英语同步阅读 五年级英语5年级 下册(小学英语阅读与理解
2016春 小学英语同步阅读 五年级英语5年级 下册(小学英语阅读与理解

部编五年级【英语】如何提高小学英语阅读理解能力 选择适合小学生阅读的材料,激发阅读兴趣。

指导阅读方法,养成良好的阅读习惯, 提高 学生的阅读能力,为终身学习打基础。

关键词: 阅读能力,阅读习惯,阅读方法 ,策略 英语是传输信息的重要工具之一。

一个人英语阅读能力的高低,往往决定了他吸收有用的 信息的数量和质量。

新课标指出:“要达到这样的目标,没有足够的语言输入量是不行 的。

”成功的英语教学要依赖大量的语言材料和语言实践。

在阅读训练中,它可以帮助学生 得到乐趣,获取信息,培养学生的英语阅读理解能力,使学生养成良好的英语阅读习惯, 具有正确的阅读技巧,拥有主动学习的能力和合作精神,为终身学习打下基础。

但是小学 生由于刚刚开始学习英语,受所学知识内容的局限,教师往往忽视对学生阅读能力的培 养,这不利于学生的终身学习的发展。

因此,从小学阶段开始教师就应该有意识培养学生 良好的英语阅读能力策略。

我在以下几方面做了些尝试: 一、 选材恰当,激发阅读兴趣 新课标指出:小学英语课程的目的首先是激发学习兴趣,培养英语学习的积极态度,使他 们建立初步的学习英语的自信心,培养一定的语感…为进一步学习打下基础。

因此,在阅 读内容的选择上,要注重“兴趣第一”的原则。

在二年级的先锋英语教材中,每当老师在教 每个单元的故事时,学生的兴趣非常浓,很乐意去读、去模仿,因为故事的内容有趣好 玩。

选择中、高年级的阅读材料,不仅要趣味性浓,还要贴近生活,以激发学生阅读的兴 趣。

在教《开心学英语》四年级介词一课后,我就让学生阅读这篇文章并根据内容四人小 组画出相应的图画:Sue is very messy. That’s her room. The doll is under the bed. The lamp is on the chair. The stuffed animal is in the box. The puzzle is in front of the bookcase. The violin is between the bed and the chair. Her glasses are next to the table. 阅读内容都是学生熟悉的材 料,学生参与热情高涨,兴趣浓厚。

五、六年级可以选择学生们喜欢的有动物的故事, 如:Three little pigs, Cry wolf, The ugly ducking。

也可以选择有逻辑性的文章,如:Six monkeys are sitting in a tree. They have hats on their hands. Two hats are yellow. Two hats are red. One hat is blue and one hat is green. The first monkey is fat. The second monkey is thin. They have the same color hats. The third monkey is black. His hat is not blue. The fourth monkey has a green hat. The fifth monkey has a red hat. He is small. The sixth monkey is big. The big monkey and the small monkey have different color hats. 学生读后,学生就给猴子的帽子涂上正确的颜 色。

在阅读的过程中发展学生的思维,激发学生的阅读兴趣。

二、指导阅读方法,养成良好的阅读习惯 阅读习惯的好坏直接影响着阅读的效率。

小学生刚接触英语,并不知道如何很好地去阅 读,老师要给学生进行正确的指导,而阅读习惯需要经过一段时间才能养成的。

教师要在 平时教学中应有计划地、不断地养成学生的阅读习惯。

在每次进行阅读训练时,我都从这 几方面对学生进行阅读习惯的培养: 1、培养学生默读的习惯 研究证明,在阅读过程中学生默读是很好的做法,默读且不干扰他人,能帮助学生形成积 极的阅读态度,培养学生为了获取信息和为了乐趣读书的阅读做法,又发展学生了学生在

课堂之外的时间里独立熟练的阅读能力。

当阅读一开始教师就应提醒学生不要以朗读的方 式进行,教师里应形成一种默读的良好氛围。

2、培养学生猜词的习惯 新课标指出:“培养学生在阅读时能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义。

”小学生 一旦遇到不懂的单词就会急于问老师、问同学或查电子词典。

这样会使学生产生依赖思 想,影响阅读的速度,也不利于良好学习习惯的形成和学生智力的开发。

因此,在阅读教 学过程中,教师要引导学生通过上下文,文章背景知识等猜出词意。

3、培养学生给重点句做标记的习惯 小学生在进行阅读训练时,一般都是把文章看一次或两次就进行答题,但大多数学生的答 案准确率不高,在阅读题中失分较多。

所以,老师在进行阅读教学时,要引导学生把与题 目相关的句子用横线划起来,再结合题目的内容进行对比与分析,恰当使用阅读技巧与方 法,将会达到事半功倍的效果。

三、 开展阅读交流活动,分享阅读的乐趣 阅读能为学生提供大量的语言输入,使他们从阅读中汲取各种知识及信息。

开展阅读交流 活动,给学生创设一个自我展示的舞台,分享阅读的乐趣。

我通常在课前五分钟让学生进 行 daily talk, 内容可以是故事演讲、朗诵儿歌、西方文化介绍或小表演等,每月进行一次 “ 英语才艺之星”的评选。

鼓励学生在进行阅读时做阅读笔记,将自己感兴趣的词汇和喜欢 的语句摘抄下来,定期组织好词好句的交流和评赏,丰富了学生的语言积累,为学生的写 作做铺垫。

四、以读导写,拓展阅读能力 英语的学习,仅靠语言的输入还难以使学生形成运用英语的能力,还需要大量的语言输出 -“说”和“写”来促进学生对语言知识的掌握与运用。

长期以来,英语教学中普遍强调听、 说、读的技能,而写的技能成了教师和学生共同的难题。

通过以读导写的方式,有效地提 高学生的写作水平。

以读导写就是教师指导学生通过阅读相关内容的文章,了解句子的语言结构,然后将其运 用到写作中,从而提高写作能力。

例如,在教《开心学英语》部编五年级【英语】When’s your birthday? 一课后,引导学生阅读关于 birthday 的文章,学生阅读后回答下列的问题:1. Which season is your birthday in? 2.When’s your birthday? 3. Do you have a birthday every year? 4. What do you do at your birthday party? 5. Do you have a good time at your party? 学生回答完问题后,老师引导他们根据每个问题的 答案,用自己的话进行口述 “My birthday”, 然后把口头语言用书面语言表达出来。

如: Hello! My name is Tina. My birthday is in summer. It’s in August. It’s on August 3rd. I have a birthday party every year. Many friends come to my birthday party. We sing and dance at the party. We play cards , play games, eat birthday cake and drink orange juice ,too. We have a good time at the party. 以读导写,拓展了学生的阅读能力,减轻了学生写作的心理压力,同时也 让学生感受到写作的乐趣。

小学生阅读能力策略的培养需要一个较长的过程,学生在阅读的实践中,词汇量得到增 加,积累了丰富的语句,开阔了英语的视野,养成了良好的阅读习惯,阅读能力和写作能 力也得到不断的提高。

二、阅读理解2.阅读理解根据短文内容判断正误。

There are four seasons in a year in China. March, April and May make the spring season. June,July and August make the summer season. September, October and November make the autumn season. December, January and February make the winter season.Near the North Pole(北极) there are only two seasons. They are winter and summer. The nights in winter are very long. For more than two months you can't see the sun, even at noon. In summer the days are long. For more than two months the sun never sets, and there is no night.In the tropics(赤道) there are also two seasons: a rainy season and a Season. (1)There are four seasons in the North Pole. (2)In China. October is in the autumn season. (3)The sun never sets in North Pole. (4)In the North Pole, the nights in winter are very long. (5)There is no night in the North Pole for more than two months in Summer. 【答案】 (1)0 (2)1 (3)0 (4)1 (5)1 【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了中国的四季时间和南北极的两季。

(1)句意:北极有四个季节。

根据 Near the North Pole there are only two seasons. 可知北极 有二个季节。

故答案为错误。

(2)句意:在中国,十月是秋天。

根据 September, October and November make the autumn season.可知在中国十月是秋天。

故答案为正确。

(3)句意:太阳从不落在北极。

根据 In summer the days are long. 可知在北极夏天白天很 长。

故答案为错误。

(4)句意:在北极,冬天的夜晚很长。

根据 The nights in winter are very long. 可知在北 极,冬天的夜晚很长。

故答案为正确。

(5)句意:在北极的夏季两个多月都没有夜晚。

根据 In summer the days are long. For more than two months the sun never sets, and there is no night. 可知在北极的夏季两个多月都没有夜 晚。

故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。

3.阅读理解根据短文内容判断对错 Hi, I am Mike. There are five people in my family. My grandma, my father, my mother, me andmy little puppy. There are three birthdays in February and two birthdays in September. My grandma's birthday is in February. My birthday is on September 10th. It is also Teachers' Day. My

mother is a teacher. On September 10th, my mum usually buys me a big birthday cake. I often help her cook dinner. She usually cooks noodles for me. I feel happy. I love my mother very much. (1)There are four people in Mike's family. (2)There are three birthdays in September. (3)Mike's birthday is on September 10th. (4)Mike's mum is a cook. (5)Mike's grandma's birthday is in February. 【答案】 (1)0 (2)0 (3)1 (4)0 (5)1 【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了迈克家有五个人,每个人的生日的月份。

(1)句意:迈克家有四口人。

根据 Hi, I am Mike. There are five people in my family. 可知迈 克家有五口人,故答案为错误。

(2)句意:九月有三个生日。

根据 There are three birthdays in February and two birthdays in September. 可知九月有二个生日,故答案为错误。

(3)句意:迈克的生日是 9 月 10 日。

根据 My birthday is on September 10th. 可知迈克的 生日是 9 月 10 日,故答案为正确。

(4)句意:迈克的妈妈是个厨师。

根据 My mother is a teacher. 可知迈克妈妈是个老师, 故答案为错误。

(5)句意:迈克奶奶的生日是在二月份。

根据 My grandma's birthday is in February. 可知迈 克奶奶的生日是在二月份,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。

4.阅读理解阅读短文,判断正误 Today is Sunday. It's Betty's birthday. She is twelve years old. She is at home with her parentsnow. They're going to have a birthday party. Her father is decorating the house. Her mother is making the birthday cake. Betty is washing some apples, pears and grapes. All of them are very busy. The party will start at seven o'clock in the evening. Betty's friends, Kate, Joan, Mike, Tom, Rose and Jack will come to the party. They will give Betty some presents. The children are going to sing and dance at the party. Betty's mother will play the piano for them. Betty's father will take photos of them. I think they will have a good time at the party. (1)Today is Betty's birthday. (2)Betty's father is making the birthday cake now. (3)The party will start at 8:00 in the evening. (4)Betty's friends are going to come to her birthday party. (5)Betty's mother is going to play the piano at the party. 【答案】 (1)1

(2)0 (3)0 (4)1 (5)1 【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了今天是贝蒂的生日,父母正在为聚会做准备 (1)句意:今天是贝蒂的生日。

根据 Today is Sunday. It's Betty's birthday. 可知今天是贝蒂 的生日,故答案为正确。

(2)句意:贝蒂的父亲正在做生日蛋糕。

根据 Her father is decorating the house. 可知贝蒂 的父亲正在装修房子,故答案为错误。

(3)句意:晚会晚上八点开始。

根据 The party will start at seven o'clock in the evening. 可 知晚会晚上七点开始,故答案为错误。

(4)句意:贝蒂的朋友们要来参加她的生日聚会。

根据 Betty's friends, Kate, Joan, Mike, Tom, Rose and Jack will come to the party. 可知贝蒂的朋友们要来参加她的生日聚会,故答案 为正确。

(5)句意:贝蒂的母亲要在晚会上弹钢琴。

根据 Betty's mother will play the piano for them. 可知贝蒂的母亲要在晚会上弹钢琴,故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。

5.阅读理解读对话,判断下列句子是否正确。

Mike: I can't find my bag. What's in that big box? Do you know? John: Let me see. There's a bag. Mike: Are there any pencils in the bag? John: No, there aren't. But there are some books. Mike: Are there any English books? John: No, but there are some Chinese books in it. Is it your bag? Mike: I don't think so. There aren't any Chinese books in my bog, but there are two English books. John: Oh, I'm sorry. It's not your bag. (1)Mike can't find his bag. (2)There's a bag in the big box. (3)There are some pencils and some Chinese books in Mike's bag. (4)There are many English books in the bag. (5)The bag is not Mike's. 【答案】 (1)1 (2)1 (3)0 (4)0 (5)1 【解析】【分析】大意:迈克的书包不见了,迈克和约翰谈论大箱子里的书包是否是迈克 的。

(1)句意:迈克找不到他的包。

根据对话 Mike: I can't find my bag.迈克:我找不到我的包 了。

可知迈克找不到他的包。

故答案为正确。

(2)句意:大箱子里有一个书包。

根据对话 John: Let me see. There's a bag. 可知大箱子里 有一个书包。

故答案为正确。

(3)句意:迈克的包里有一些铅笔和一些语文书。

根据对话 There aren't any Chinese books in my bag, but there are two English books. 我的书包里没有语文书,但是有两本英文书。

可 知迈克的包里有两本英语书。

故答案为错误。

(4)句意:书包里有许多英语书。

根据对话 John: No, there aren't. But there are some books. 约翰:没有,但是有一些书。

可知书包里有许多语文书。

故答案为错误。

(5)句意:书包不是迈克的。

根据对话 John: Oh, I'm sorry. It's not your bag. 约翰:噢,对 不起。

不是你的包。

可知书包不是迈克的。

故答案为正确。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译对话,然后根据对话内容,判断句子正确或错误, 平时牢记单词汉语意思和用法。

6.阅读理解读短文,判断下列句子是否正确。

This is Sarah's new home. There is a clock in the study. There is a plant in the living room.There is a water bottle in the kitchen. There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. Look, the cat is on the bed now. (1)The lamp is in the living room. (2)There is a clock in the study. (3)There is a water bottle in the kitchen. (4)There is a photo in the study. 【答案】 (1)0 (2)1 (3)1 (4)0 【解析】【分析】大意:短文讲述了莎拉的新家的样子。

(1)句意:灯在客厅里。

根据 There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. 可知灯 在卧室里。

故答案为错误。

(2)句意:书房里有一个钟。

根据 There is a clock in the study. 可知书房里有一个钟。

故 答案为正确。

(3)句意:厨房里有一个水瓶。

根据 here is a water bottle in the kitchen. 可知厨房里有一个 水瓶。

故答案为正确。

(4)句意:书房里有一张照片。

根据 There is a big bed, a photo and a lamp in the bedroom. 可知卧室里有一张照片。

故答案为错误。

【点评】本题考查了阅读理解,先翻译短文,然后根据短文内容,判断句子正确或错误。